American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Beneficiation of Agricultural Waste from Piggeries Located Within Residential Areas in Promoting Green Production

Piggeries are a quick way of generating an income in agriculture. It also raises some policy challenges in economic, environmental, health and social dimensions for sustainable agriculture. An evaluation of implications of piggery projects sited within homesteads indicated that 70% of the population do not support having piggeries in their midst. This population understood the implications of pig waste and waste water on environment implications. Pig waste was noted to possess high levels of nutrients necessary for crop production and these may also pollute the environment. Splitting of the waste into solid and liquid was noted as a way of reducing foul smell peculiar to piggeries. Using the waste management hierarchy priorities, piggery waste nutrients and waste water recycling was recommended as a better option for environmental sustainability. The solid waste was composted or processed to solid fertilizers. Irrigation suitability tests was used to recommend the liquid for reuse in irrigation and also in liquid fertilizer manufacturing. This study demonstrated the need for proper piggery waste management in communities and adequate enforcement and updating of statutory instruments to suit current environmental demands.

Piggery Waste, Beneficiation, Pollution, Waste Management, Environmental Sustainability

APA Style

Kodani, S. (2023). Beneficiation of Agricultural Waste from Piggeries Located Within Residential Areas in Promoting Green Production. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 11(6), 233-246. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajaf.20231106.14

ACS Style

Kodani, S. Beneficiation of Agricultural Waste from Piggeries Located Within Residential Areas in Promoting Green Production. Am. J. Agric. For. 2023, 11(6), 233-246. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20231106.14

AMA Style

Kodani S. Beneficiation of Agricultural Waste from Piggeries Located Within Residential Areas in Promoting Green Production. Am J Agric For. 2023;11(6):233-246. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20231106.14

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Alloway BJ. (1995) "Heavy Metals in Soils." (Blackie Academic and Professional: Glasgow).
2. Chastain P. John et al, (2003). “Swine manure production and nutrient content”. Camm Poultry Chapter 3a. Last edition-January 2003jpc. Pgs. 3–18.
3. Dejong Jodi Marne (1995). Liquid swine manure and nitrogen fertilizers effects on soyabean yield, soil profile nitrogen and mineralization rates. Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 16888. https//lib.dr.iastate.edu/rtd/18888.
4. Demirbas A, (2011). “Waste management, waste resource facilities and waste conversion processes”. Energy Conversations Management 52 (2): 1280–1287.
5. Drankert Olorf-Jan, (2018). “Nutrient Recycling: Waste Hierarchy, Recycling Cities and Eco-houses”. Sustainable Agriculture Reviews, ISBN 978-3-319-98913-6, ISBN 978-3-319-98914-3 (eBook). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-98914-3,
6. Environmental Management Act (CAP 20: 17). Act 13 of 2002. Amended by Act 5/2004.
7. Fatimatul ZA et al, (2018). “Sustainable Technologies for the Management of Agricultural Wastes”. Applied Environmental Science and Engineering for a Sustainable Future. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-5062-6_1,
8. Fertilizer (Control) order (1985). Fourteenth (14th) Edition as amended up to November 2013. The Fertilizer Association of India, New Delhi.
9. Jongbloed W. Age, (2008). “Environmental pollution control in pigs by using nutrition tools”. R. Bras. Zootec. vol.37 no.spe Vicosa July 2008. Print version ISSN1516-3598, On-line version ISSN 1806-9290.
10. Kadurumba C et al, (2019). “Piggery waste management practices and environmental implications on human health in Rivers State, Nigeria”. International Journal of Agriculture and Rural development, Volume 22 (1): 4161-4166, 2019.
11. Kansie Sie Bernard, 2017. “The preparation of Organic Liquid Fertilizers”. Published 2017-08-01, ECHO West Africa Note, Issue 1.
12. Kashyap Prakriti, 2017. “Pollution control and policy measures for piggery wastewater management in Thailand”. WRPA Group Workshop on Piggery Wastewater Management in Asia, 21-22 February 2017. Chiang Mai, Thailand.
13. Kiratikarnkul S (2010). A cost-benefit analysis of alternative pig waste disposal methods used in Thailand. Environmental Economics, Volume 1, Issue 2, 2010.
14. Kristen Philipkoski (2001). Toxic manure – Endangered faeces. https://www.wired.com/2001/05/toxic-manure-endangered-feces/
15. Kwasyn J et al (2011). Disposal methods and treatment of wastes from piggeries. CHEMIK 2011, 65, 7, 687-696. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303974258
16. Machete BJ and Ghabo GR (2020). “A Review of piggery manure management: generally, across western, Asian and African countries”. Botswana Journal of Agriculture and Applied Sciences, Volume 14, Issue 1 (2020) 17–27.
17. Magersa Olumana Dinka, (date unknown). Quality composition and irrigation suitability of various surface water and ground water sources at Matahara Plain.
18. Mutembedzi J, (Date Unknown). Law and Policy Literature Review. http://www.searcwl.ac.zw/downloads/Policy-govt-lit-review.pdf
19. Pig Farming Margazine (2021). Design of a morden pig farm. https://pig-farming.net/blog/pig-breeding/design-of-modern-pig-farms/
20. Pig manure management Magazine (2018). ‘Farminence. Inspiration for simpler Living”. 11 September 2018.
21. Rate, AW (1997). Management and re-use of piggery effluent. pp. 362-374. In: Cranwell, P. D. (Ed.), Manipulating Pig Production VI. Australasian Pig Science Association, Werribee, Australia.
22. Taiganides Paul. E (1992). Pig Waste Management and Recycling – The Singapore Experience. Ottawa, Ont.
23. Tesfaye Burju Roba (2018). Review on: The Effect of Mixing Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer on Productivity and Soil Fertility. Open Access Library Journal, Vol.5 No.6, 2018. https://www.scirp.org/journal/oalibj
24. van Dijk KC, Lesschen JP, Oenema O. Phosphorus flows and balances of the European Union Member States. Sci Total Environ. 2016 Jan 15; 542 (Pt B): 1 078-93. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.08.048. Epub 2015 Oct 1. PMID: 26421756.
25. van Kampen Theo (2004). Turning Swine Manure into Fertilizer: The PSF Solution. The pigsite.com. 4 May 2004 edition.
26. © MICHELIN 2023. https://www.viamichelin.ie/web/Maps/Map-Dema-_-Mashonaland_East-Zimbabwe