Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2014, Page: 154-158
Are Small Scale Eggplant Producers Efficient in Resource Use
Nsikak-Abasi A. Etim, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Uyo, P.M.B. 1017, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
Received: May 16, 2014;       Accepted: Jun. 20, 2014;       Published: Jul. 30, 2014
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20140204.18      View  2586      Downloads  84
Abstract
An empirical study to investigate the efficiency of resource use by small scale eggplant producers was conducted. A stochastic production frontier function which incorporates a model for the technical efficiency effect was applied. Through a multi-stage sampling method, 60 egg plant farmers were selected with the aid of questionnaire. Using the maximum likelihood estimation method, asymptotic parameters were evaluated to describe efficiency determinants. Results revealed that the mean resource use efficiency is 0.71 leaving inefficiency gap of 0.29 implying that 29 percent higher eggplant output could be achieved using the same resource combination. Land, hired labour and seeds were identified as the most critical and important efficiency determinants. Access to credit and market, and age were estimated as inefficiency determinants. Results underscore the need to formulate policies aimed at making land more accessible to farmers, provision of credit facilities and good road networks.
Keywords
EggPlant, Resources, Efficiency, Farmers
To cite this article
Nsikak-Abasi A. Etim, Are Small Scale Eggplant Producers Efficient in Resource Use, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2014, pp. 154-158. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20140204.18
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