Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Page: 47-51
Biological Control of Insect Pests of Medicinal Plants - Abelmoschus moschatus, Gloriosa superba and Withania somnifera in Forest Nursery and Plantation in Madhya Pradesh, India
Premanand Balkrishna Meshram, Forest Entomology Division, Tropical Forest Research Institute (ICFRE), Jabalpur, India
Nahar Singh Mawai, Forest Entomology Division, Tropical Forest Research Institute (ICFRE), Jabalpur, India
Ramkumar Malviya, Forest Entomology Division, Tropical Forest Research Institute (ICFRE), Jabalpur, India
Received: Mar. 10, 2015;       Accepted: Mar. 22, 2015;       Published: Mar. 31, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20150302.16      View  2768      Downloads  211
Abstract
The present investigation was carried out to evaluate the parasitoids (Trichogramma raoi, T. chilonis), predator (Chrysoperla cornea) and biopesticides i.e. botanicals (neem based Gronim) / mocrobials (Bacillus thuringensis and Beauveria bassiana ) against five major insect pests viz. Polytela gloriosae, Anomis flava, Earias vitella, Dysdercus cingulatus and Aphis gossypi of important target species of medicinal plants- Abelmoschus moschatus, Gloriosa superba and Withania somnifera in forest nursery, Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur and Delakhari west Chhindwara forest division, Madhya Pradesh (India). The results revealed that Bacillus thuringensis 1% followed by neem based pesticide (Gronim) 1% was found to be most effective against defoliators Polytela gloriosae on G. superba, Anomis flava and shoot/fruit borer Earias vitella on A. moschatus. Neem based pesticide (Gronim) followed by Bt 1% was found to be most effective against red bug Dysdercus cingulatus on the fruits of A. moschatus and aphid, Aphis gossypi on W. somnifera. Predator, Chrysoperla cornea @ 500 per 100 sq m followed by parasitoid Trichogramma chilonis @1500 per 100 sq m was also found to be most effective for reduction of the larval population of defoliators P. gloriosae and A. flava.
Keywords
Insect Pests, Medicinal Plants, Parasitoids, Predator and Biopesticides
To cite this article
Premanand Balkrishna Meshram, Nahar Singh Mawai, Ramkumar Malviya, Biological Control of Insect Pests of Medicinal Plants - Abelmoschus moschatus, Gloriosa superba and Withania somnifera in Forest Nursery and Plantation in Madhya Pradesh, India, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 47-51. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20150302.16
Reference
[1]
Anon. (1985). "The Wealth of India: A Dictionary of Indian Raw Materials and IndustrialProducts". Raw Materials, Vol. 1 (Revised Edn.), 513 pp. Publication and Information Directorate. C.S.I.R., New Delhi, India .
[2]
Asari, P.A.R.and M.R.G.K. Nair (2003). "On the control of brinjal pests using deterrents". Agric. Res. J. Kerala 10:133-135. M. Gupta. Methods of biopesticides in medicinal plants against insect pests. Udhyamita 11: 42-43.
[3]
Ghatge, S.M.(2002)."IPM of summer okra". M.Sc.(Agri.) thesis submitted to Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidhyapeeth, Rahuri, M.S.
[4]
Gomez, A.K. and Gomez, A.A.(1984).Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. JOHN WILEY and SONS, Singapore. pp.130-138.
[5]
Gupta, M. (2003). Methods of biopesticides in medicinal plants against insect pests. Udhyamita, 11(9):42-43.
[6]
Hanumanthaswamy, B.C., D.Rajgopal, A.A. Farooqui and A.K. Chakravarthy(1993). "Insect pests of Costus speciosus Linn. a medicinal plant". My Forest, 29: 158-160.
[7]
Jadhav, S.S. (2003). "Integrated pest management of okra Abelmoschus esculentus". M.Sc.(Agri.) thesis submitted to Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidhyapeeth, Rahuri, M.S.
[8]
Joshi, K.C., P.B. Meshram, S. Sambat, U. Kiran, S. Humne and G.K. Kharkwal (1992). "Insect pests of some medicinal plants in Madhya Pradesh". Indian J. Forestry, 15 : 17-26.
[9]
Kadam, J.R., P. Mahajan and A.P. Chauhan (2008). "Studies on the potential of Verticilium lecanii against sucking pests of Gerbera". J. Maharashtra Agri. Univ., 33 :214-217.
[10]
Kharbade, S.B.,A.G.Chandele and M.D. Dethe (2003). "Management of Earias vitella Fab. on summer okra with Bacillus thuringiensis varietal products". State level seminar on pest management for sustainable agriculture, MAU, Parbhani 24 pp.
[11]
Kulkarni, S.S., K.V. Naik, V.N. Jalgaonkar and A.V. Rege (2008)."Survey of pest infestations on the important medicinal plants of Konkan region of Maharashtra". Pestology, 32 : 31-33.
[12]
Kumar, H.R. (2007). "Survey of pests of medicinal plants with special reference to biology and management of Epilachna beetle, Henosepilachna vigintioctopunctata Fabricius (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on Ashwagandha". M.Sc. (Agri) Thesis, Uni. Agric. Sci., Dharwad.
[13]
Mathur, A.C. and J.B. Srivastava (1996). "A noted list of the insect pests of important medicinal plants of Jammu & Kashmir". Symposium on proearth Laboratory Jammu, 16 pp.
[14]
Meshram, P.B.(2005)."New report of defoliator Psilogramma menephron on Rauvolfia serpentina and white grub, Holotrichia serrata on Withaniasomnifera". Indian Forester 131:969-970.
[15]
Meshram, P.B and K.C. Choudhury (2000). "Effect of some insecticides against red cotton bug, Dysdercus cingulatus (Fabr.) on Abelmoschus moschatus Medic". Indian Perfumer, 44: 7-9.
[16]
Meshram, P.B., N. Roychoudhury M. Yousuf and R.K. Malviya (2013). "Efficacy of indigenous egg parasitoid Trichgramma raoi against teak skeletonizer Eutectona machaeralis (Lepidoptera : Pyralidae)". Indain J. Trop. Biodiv., 21(1&2):129-134.
[17]
Muralibaskaran, R.K., D.S. Rajavel and K. Suresh (2009). "Yield loss by major insect pests in Ashwagandha". Insect Environ 14: 149-151.
[18]
Oudhia, P. (2001). "First record on orange banded blister beetle, Zonabris putulata on safed musli". Nat. Res. Seminar on herbal conservation, cultivation, marketing and utilization with special emphasis on Chhattisgarh, 82 p, 13-24 December,
[19]
Oudhia, P. (2006). "Traditional medicinal knowledge about Polytela gloriosae Fab. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) feeding on kalihari (Gloriosa superba) in Chhattisgarh, India". http;// www.ecoport.org
[20]
Patel, V.C. and Patel, H.K.(1967). Chemical control of Polytela gloriosae(F.) on ornamental lilies. Indian Journal of Entomology, 29(4):397.
[21]
Rai, S.N. and J. Singh. (1996). "Biology and chemical control of carmine spider mite, Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boiso.) (Acarina: Tetranychidae) on Ashwagandha, Withania somnifera". Pestology 20 11: 23-27.
[22]
Ravikumar, A. R. Rajendran, C. Chinnaih, S. Irulandi and R. Pandi (2008). "Evaluation of certain organic nutrient sources against mealy bug, Coccidohystrix insolitus (Green.) and the spotted leaf beetle, Epilachna vigintioctopunctata (Fab.) on Ashwagandha, Withania somnifera". J. Biopesticides 1: 28-31.
[23]
Singh, A.K (2006). "Flower Crops: Cultivation and Management". Published by M/S New India, Publishing Agency, Delhi, 463 pp.
[24]
Singh, R.H., S.K. Nath and P.B. Behere (1990)."Depressive illness a therapeutic evaluation with herbal drugs". J. Research in Ayurvedha and Siddha, 11: 1-6.
[25]
Talukder, D., A.R. Khan and M. Hasan (1989)."Growth of Diacrisia obliqua (Lep : Arctiidae) with low doses of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki)". BioControl 34: 587-589.
Browse journals by subject