Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2016, Page: 1-9
Utilization of Urea Super Granule in Raised Bed Versus Prilled Urea in Conventional Flat Method for Transplanted Aman Rice (Oryza Sativa)
Md. Halim Mahmud Bhuyan, Department of Agronomy and Agricultural Extension, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Most. Razina Ferdousi, Islamia Academy High School & Agriculture College, Bagha, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Md. Toufiq Iqbal, Department of Agronomy and Agricultural Extension, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Ahamed Khairul Hasan, Department of Agronomy, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh
Received: Jan. 30, 2016;       Accepted: Feb. 23, 2016;       Published: Mar. 22, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20160401.11      View  3641      Downloads  112
Abstract
Bed planting with urea super granule (USG) application of rice production systems is very new and research on it is still at an introductory phase. Impact of granular urea application on growth and yield of transplanted aman rice as well as evaluation of water and fertilizer use efficiency of rice-fallow-rice cropping system was investigated under raised bed cultivation method. Result showed that the USG in bed planting method increased grain yield of transplanted aman rice up to 12.32% over prilled urea (PU) broadcasting in conventional method. The USG application in bed planting method increased the number of panicle m-2, number of grains panicle-1 and 1000-grains weight of rice than the PU in conventional method. Sterility percentage and weed infestation were lower at USG application in bed planting method than the PU in conventional method. Forty percent irrigation water and time for application could be saved through the USG in bed planting than the PU broadcasting in conventional method. Water use efficiency for grain and biomass production was higher by the USG application in bed planting than the PU broadcasting in conventional method. Likewise, agronomic efficiency of the USG in bed planting was higher than the PU broadcasting in conventional method. This study concluded that the USG in bed planting method is a new approach to get better fertilizer and water use efficiency as well as higher yield compared to the existing agronomic practice in the world.
Keywords
Agronomic Efficiency, Bed Planting, Prilled Urea, Rice, Urea Super Granule
To cite this article
Md. Halim Mahmud Bhuyan, Most. Razina Ferdousi, Md. Toufiq Iqbal, Ahamed Khairul Hasan, Utilization of Urea Super Granule in Raised Bed Versus Prilled Urea in Conventional Flat Method for Transplanted Aman Rice (Oryza Sativa), American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20160401.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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