Volume 6, Issue 6, November 2018, Page: 263-275
Influence of Fertilizer Treatments on the Milling Potentials and Total Phenolic Content of Aromatic Rice
Mary Ann Baradi, PhilRice Batac, City of Batac, Philippines
Milen Fileza Magno, PhilRice Batac, City of Batac, Philippines
Jessica Solero, PhilRice Batac, City of Batac, Philippines
Romeo Ancheta, PhilRice Batac, City of Batac, Philippines
Gerome Corpuz, PhilRice Central Experiment Station, Science City of Muñoz, Philippines
Marissa Romero, PhilRice Central Experiment Station, Science City of Muñoz, Philippines
Received: Nov. 23, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 10, 2018;       Published: Jan. 16, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20180606.24      View  165      Downloads  39
The study aimed to determine the influence of different fertilizer treatments on the milling potentials (brown rice, milled rice, and head rice recovery) and total phenolic content of aromatic rice. The two-year field experiment laid out in Split Plot Design with three replications was carried out in irrigated lowland rice soil in San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte. The fertilizer treatment served as the main plot while the variety served as the sub-plot. The different fertilizer treatments were: Control or no fertilizer, rice straw, chicken manure, LCC-based 1, and LCC-based 2; while the two aromatic rice varieties were: modern aromatic Burdagol-Laguna Type and traditional pigmented aromatic Gal-ong rice. Results showed that the brown rice recovery of Burdagol-Laguna Type was improved with the application of organic and inorganic fertilizers. Also, the milled rice recovery of Burdagol-Laguna Type was higher during dry season than wet season. On the other hand, Gal-ong produced high brown rice and milled rice recoveries from the application of organic fertilizers (rice straw and chicken manure) and Control, which indicates that the traditional variety can be organically grown, which would be more profitable for farmers. Gal-ong also had higher head rice recoveries and total phenolic contents than Burdagol-Laguna Type regardless of fertilizer treatment and season. The higher the total phenolic content in rice, the better since this compound may provide antioxidant and radical scavenging activity.
Aromatic Rice, Fertilizer, Milling Potential, Total Phenolic Content
To cite this article
Mary Ann Baradi, Milen Fileza Magno, Jessica Solero, Romeo Ancheta, Gerome Corpuz, Marissa Romero, Influence of Fertilizer Treatments on the Milling Potentials and Total Phenolic Content of Aromatic Rice, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 6, No. 6, 2018, pp. 263-275. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20180606.24
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Juliano BO. 2003. Rice chemistry and quality. Philippine Rice Research Institute. 480 p.
Asante MD. 2017. Breeding rice for improved grain quality. Retrieved 29 November 2017 from http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/66684
Chaturvedi I (2005). Effect of nitrogen fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of hybrid rice (Oryza sativa). Journal of Central European Agriculture. 6 (4); 611−618.
Juliano BO, Duff B. 1991. Rice grain quality as an emerging priority in national rice breeding programs. Retrieved 29 November 2013 from University Library, University of the Philippines at Los Baños website http:/www.uplbplb.edu.ph.
International Rice Research Institute. 2017. When to harvest. Retrieved 29 November 2017 from http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org.
Juliano BO. 2010. Grain quality of Philippine rice. Philippine Rice Research Institute.
Kifayatullah K, Asagi N, Shiratori K, Komatsuzaki M, Nitta Y, Shiotsu F, Kokubo T (2006). Effect of organic fertilizers on growth, yield and grain quality of rice at different planting densities. Proceedings of the National seminar on bio-fertilizers, 2006. Patil. Technical papers and abstracts, pp. 80−81.
Tafere KLS, Mamaril CP, Romero MV, Ramos NC, Castillo MB. 2011. Assessment of soil fertility, yield, grain quality and nutrient content of irrigated rice as affected by organic and inorganic fertilizer and pesticide application. PhilRice R&D Highlights 2011. Philippine Rice Research Institute, Maligaya, Muñoz, Nueva Ecija. 187−188.
Saha S, Pandey AK, Gopinath KA, Bhattacharaya GR, Kundu S, Gupta HS. 2007. Effect of organic, inorganic fertilizers on rice quality. Retrieved 29 November 2017 from http://www.organicag.org.
Gu J, Chen J, Chen L, Wang Z, Zhang H, Yang J. 2015. Grain quality changes and responses to nitrogen fertilizer of japonica rice cultivars released in the Yangtze river basin from the 1950s to 2000s. Retrieved 01 June 2015 from http://www.sciencedirect.com
Gharieb AS, Metwally TF, Abou-khadrah SH, Glela AA, El Sabagh A (2016). Quality of rice grain is influenced by organic and inorganic sources of nutrients and antioxidant application. Cercetãri Agronomice in Moldova. 49 (4): 57−68.
Sangeetha SP, Balakrishnan A, Devasenapathy P. 2013. Influence of organic manures on yield and quality of rice (Oryza sativa L.) and blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) in rice-blackgram cropping sequence. American Journal of Plant Sciences (4): 1151−1157.
Sikdar MSI, Rahman MM, Islam MS, Yeasmin MS, Akhter MM. 2008. Effect of nitrogen level on aromatic rice varieties and soil fertility status. Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prod. 3 (3): 49−54.
PHILRICE. 2007. PalayCheck System for Irrigated Lowland Rice. Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice). Muñoz, Nueva Ecija.
PHILRICE. 2008. Leaf Color Chart. Rice Technology Buletin. Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) Munñoz, Nueva Ecija. No. 22.
RTWG (Rice Technical Working Group). 1996. National Cooperative Testing Manual for Rice. Guidelines and Policies. Rice Technical Working Group. National Seed Industry Council, Department of Agriculture, Manila. Philippine Rice Research Institute, Muñoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines. 113 p.
Singleton VL, Orthofer R, Lamuela-Raventos, RM. 1999. Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Methods in Enzymology 299: 152–178.
Kamal MA, Rasul F, Zohaib A, Ahmad K, Abbas T, Rasool T, Nawaz M. 2016. Effect of NPK application at various levels on yield and quality of two rice hybrids. Scientific Journal pf Seoul Sciences 4 (1): 14−19.
Hansdah HC, Sahoo BK. 2011. Integrated nutrient management in aromatic rice. Masteral thesis. Agronomy, College of Agriculture, OUAT, Bhubaneswar. 96 pp.
Tuaño AP, Xu Z, Castillo MB, Mamaril CP, Manaois RV, Romero MV, Juliano BO (2011). Content of tocols, γ-oryzanol and total phenolics and grain quality of brown rice and milled rice applied with pesticide and organic and inorganic fertilizer, Philippine Agricultural Scientist 94 (2): 211−216.
Asaduzzaman MD, Haque MDE, Rahman J, Hasan SMK, Ali MA, Akter MS, Ahmed M. 2013. Comparisons of physiochemical, total phenol, flavanoid content and functional properties in six cultivars of aromatic rice in Bangladesh. African Journal of Food Science 7 (8): 198−203.
Thanajiruschaya P, Doksaku W, Rattanachaisit P, Kongkiattikajorn J. 2010. Effect of storage time and temperature on antioxidant components and properties of milled rice. KKU Research Journal 15 (9): 843−851.
Park S, Kim JK, Lee SY, Oh S, Lee SM, Jang J, Yang C, Won Y, Yeo Y. 2014. Comparative analysis of phenolic acid profiles of rice grown under different regions using multivariate analysis. Plant Omics Journal 7 (6): 430−437.
Benzon HRL, Rubenecia MRU, Ultra VU, Lee SC. 2015. Nano-fertilizer affects the growth, development, and chemical properties of rice. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research (IJAAR) 7 (1): 105−117.
Browse journals by subject