Volume 7, Issue 5, September 2019, Page: 212-223
Analyses of Chloroplast Genomic and Morphological Evolutionomy of Yulania Sprengeri and Two New Confusable Species (Magnoliaceae)
Da-Li Fu, Non-timber Forestry Research and Development Center, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Zhengzhou, China; Key Laboratory of Non-timber Forest Germplasm Enhancement & Utilization of National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Zhengzhou, China
Bing-Hong Xiong, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Science, Guangzhou, China
Xun Chen, Science and Technology Department of Guizhou Province, Guiyang, China
Wen-Xiao Tian, Wildlife Reserve Station of Nanzhao County, Nanzhao, China
Lei Du, Forest Station of Anchang of Beichuan County, Beichuan, China
Received: Aug. 28, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 16, 2019;       Published: Sep. 23, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20190705.17      View  26      Downloads  6
Abstract
To scientifically solve the taxonomical confusion of Yulania sprengeri (Pamp.) D. L. Fu in the world, the chloroplast genomic sequences of four confusable species were assembled and compared with the other species of Yulania Spach by means of the typical algorithm. The results indicated that the evolutionary system of Yulania Spach includes four natural sections: Y. sect. Yulania, Y. sect. Buergeria (Sieb. & Zucc.) D. L. Fu, Y. sect. Rosula D. L. Fu, sect., nov., and Y. sect. Tulipastrum (Spach) D. L. Fu, which all have the same boundaries: PHS (17bp) = 0.96. The species Y. sprengeri (Pamp.) D. L. Fu belong to sect. Yulania, but several confusable species such as Y. diva (Stapf. ex Dandy) D. L. Fu, sp. transl. nov., Y. urceolata D. L. Fu, B. H. Xiong et X. Chen, sp. segregat. nov., Y. pendula D. L. Fu, sp. nov. and Y. viridula D. L. Fu, T. B. Zhao et G. H. Tian belong to the new section Rosula D. L. Fu. According to International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, Y. sprengeri (Pamp.) D. L. Fu is proposed for conservation and emended with the conserved type (D. L. Fu 2017100803, CAF). The misidentified epitype of Magnolia sprengeri, the illustration in Flora of Trees of China, differing taxonomically, selected as Lectotype, with almost equal specimen, paratype (D. L. Fu 2017093001, CAF) from Weining County, Guizhou province of China, was segregated as a new species, Y. urceolata D. L. Fu, B. H. Xiong et X. Chen. The other new confusable species, Y. pendula D. L. Fu, is described and illustrated based on the holotype (D. L. Fu 2012040201, CAF) from Sichuan province of China, which was once misidentified as Y. biondii (Pamp.) D. L. Fu or Y. sprengeri (Pamp.) D. L. Fu. The typci-evolutionary characters including diagnostic differences and particularity of the new section and two new species, are given respectively. The evolutionary system scientifically overcomes the partiality and subjectivity of past taxonomical systems of Yulania Spach of Magnoliaceae Juss.
Keywords
Typical Algorithm, Yulania Sect. Rosula, Yulania Sprengeri, Yulania Urceolata, Yulania Pendula, Evolutionomy, Typici-Evolutionary Character, New Taxa
To cite this article
Da-Li Fu, Bing-Hong Xiong, Xun Chen, Wen-Xiao Tian, Lei Du, Analyses of Chloroplast Genomic and Morphological Evolutionomy of Yulania Sprengeri and Two New Confusable Species (Magnoliaceae), American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Special Issue: The New Evolutionary Theory & Practice. Vol. 7, No. 5, 2019, pp. 212-223. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20190705.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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