Volume 7, Issue 6, November 2019, Page: 248-258
Vegetative Propagation of Bombax costatum Pellegr. & Vuillet (Malvaceae) by Root Segments Cuttings: Effects of Mother Tree Diameter and Origin of Cuttings
Oumarou Haman Zéphirin, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Hamawa Yougouda, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon; Polytechnic School, University of Maroua, Maroua, Cameroon
Tsobou Roger, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon; Faculty of Sciences, University of Dschang Dschang, Cameroon
Dangai Yohana, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Binwe Jean Baptiste, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Madi Amedi Damba Rodrigue, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Abdoulaye Herbert, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Wangbitching Jean De Dieu, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Fawa Guidawa, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Mapongmetsem Pierre Marie, Laboratory of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Received: Jun. 23, 2019;       Accepted: Aug. 6, 2019;       Published: Oct. 11, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20190706.12      View  53      Downloads  12
Abstract
B. costatum is a local species of great socio-economique importance whose flowers are consummed and commercialized in local and regional market. Despite its economical and social value in local communities, it is still in the wild stand in the Guinean Savannah Highlands of Cameroon. The objective of the study is to contribute to its domestication by root segments cuttings. Root system of the mother trees was carefully excavated and the root samples (0.5−1kg) for the carbohydrate analysis were collected monthly throughout the year. In addition, a total of 180 root segments cuttings (RSC) were collected from 20 parent trees of different diameters at breast height (dbh) (15 - 30 cm; 30.1 - 45 cm and > 45 cm) in «Gamba» and «Karna manga». The experimental design explorated was a split - plot with 03 replicates. The trial was conducted in a non mist polypropagator. The results reveal that among the carbohydrates evaluated, fructose decreased from the dry to the rainy seasons while soluble and total sugars move in inverse order. The first buds appear 08 weeks after planting. At the end of the essay, the highest budding rate (81.11±19.65%) was obtained in root segments cuttings from Karna manga against 68.33±34.88% in RSC from mother trees of dbh 30.1-45 cm. Regarding the origin of root segments cuttings by dbh of parent trees interaction, the budding rate varied significantly from 36.66±5.77% in RSC from mother trees of dbh 15.1-30 cm originated from Gamba to 100±0% in those from parent trees of the same dbh in Karna manga (0.0046 < 0.01). The average height of leafy shoots varied from 8.28±5.23 cm in RSC from Gamba to 11.91±7.35 cm in those from Karna manga. The rooting rate fluctuated from 3.33±2.53% in root segments cuttings from mother trees of dbh 30.1 - 45 cm and dbh > 45 cm originated respectively from Gamba and Karna manga to 50±26.45% in those from parent trees of dbh 15 - 30 cm from Karna manga. These results will help to elaborate appropriate domestication and conservation strategies of the species.
Keywords
B. costatum, Carbohydrates, Domestication, Vegetative Propagation, RSC, Root Ability
To cite this article
Oumarou Haman Zéphirin, Hamawa Yougouda, Tsobou Roger, Dangai Yohana, Binwe Jean Baptiste, Madi Amedi Damba Rodrigue, Abdoulaye Herbert, Wangbitching Jean De Dieu, Fawa Guidawa, Mapongmetsem Pierre Marie, Vegetative Propagation of Bombax costatum Pellegr. & Vuillet (Malvaceae) by Root Segments Cuttings: Effects of Mother Tree Diameter and Origin of Cuttings, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2019, pp. 248-258. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20190706.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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