Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2020, Page: 9-14
Effect of Iron Toxicity on Rice Growth in Sulfato-ferruginous Lowland of South Senegal
Sire Diedhiou, Department of Agroforestry, Assane Seck University of Ziguinchor, Ziguinchor, Senegal; Crop and Soil Science Department, Oregon State University, Corvallis, USA
Arfang Ousmane Kemo Goudiaby, Department of Agroforestry, Assane Seck University of Ziguinchor, Ziguinchor, Senegal
Yves Paterne Sagna, Department of Agroforestry, Assane Seck University of Ziguinchor, Ziguinchor, Senegal
Yaya Diatta, Department of Agroforestry, Assane Seck University of Ziguinchor, Ziguinchor, Senegal
Mariama Dalanda Diallo, Aquaculture and Food Technologies Department, Gaston Berger University, Saint-Louis, Senegal
Ibrahima Ndoye, Microbiology Laboratory, French Research Institute for Development, Dakar, Senegal
Received: Dec. 30, 2019;       Accepted: Jan. 9, 2020;       Published: Feb. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200801.12      View  281      Downloads  88
Rice production in southern Senegal is mainly rain-fed and faces numerous constraints, including iron toxicity. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of iron toxicity on rice yield in Southern Senegal. The study was carried out in farmers’ fields in the area of Sindone where two sites were selected (Sites A and B). In each site, six farmers’ rice fields covering 2000 to 2500 m2 were selected: three fields with apparent iron oxide (rust) located in lowland and three fields without iron oxide located in highland. Within each of these fields, three plots with dimensions of 300 m2 were delimited and used for the experiment for a total of 18 plots (6*3). Soil cores were taken from all plots in the 0 – 10 cm horizon at 0, 30, 60 and 90 days after rice transplanting (DAT) to measure soil pH. The intensity of iron toxicity was evaluated on rice plants at different dates and rice yield was determined at harvest at 90 DAT. At 0 and 90 DAT, pH was more acidic compared to 30 and 60 DAT for all plots. Besides, in plots affected by iron oxide, pH at 0 and 90 DAT was statistically more acidic (p < 0.01) than pH in non-affected plots. In those plots, despite normal growth and tillering, it was only at 90 DAT that brown spots appeared at the tip of the oldest leaves. In plots affected by iron oxide, at 30 DAT, symptoms of iron toxicity appeared and intensified at 60 and 90 DAT; growth and tillering were reduced with many leaves becoming discolored at both sites. Rice yield decreased by at least 43% in plots affected by iron oxide for sites A and B. Amendments that will reduce soil acidity would be recommended, this will also improve rice nutrients and increase rice yield.
Paddy Fields, Acidity, Rust, Iron Toxicity, Rice Yield
To cite this article
Sire Diedhiou, Arfang Ousmane Kemo Goudiaby, Yves Paterne Sagna, Yaya Diatta, Mariama Dalanda Diallo, Ibrahima Ndoye, Effect of Iron Toxicity on Rice Growth in Sulfato-ferruginous Lowland of South Senegal, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 9-14. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200801.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Chérif, M., Audebert, A., Fofana, M. and M. Zouzou (2009). Evaluation of iron toxicity on lowland irrigated rice in West Africa. Tropicultura, 27: 1970 - 1975.
Adriano A. D (2001). Trace elements in terrestrial environments: biogeochemistry, bioavailability, and risks of metals, Springer, New York. Advances in Agronomy, 99: 183 - 225.
Diatta S., Audebert A., Sahrawat K. L. and S. Traoré (1998). Lutte Contre la Toxicité Ferreuse dans les Bas-fonds. Acquis de l’ADRAO dans la zone des savanes en Afrique de l’Ouest. Aménagement et mise en valeur des bas-fonds au Mali, Sikasso. CIRAD-CA: 363 - 371.
Sahrawat K. L. (2008). Soil Fertility Advantages of Submerged Rice Cropping Systems. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 31 (3): 5 - 23.
Audebert A. (2006). Iron toxicity in rice: Environmental conditions and symptoms. In: Iron toxicity in rice-based systems in West Africa. Audebert Alain (ed.), Narteh L. T. (ed.), Kiepe Paul (ed.), Millar D. (ed.), Beks B. (ed.). Cotonou: WARDA [Africa Rice Center], 18-33. ISBN 92-9113-300-0
Khouma, M. and M. Toure (1982). Effect of Lime and Phosphorus on the Growth and Yield of Rice in Acid Sulphate Soils of the Senegal. In: On acid sulphate soils, Dost, H. and N. V. Breamen, (Eds.), Bangkok, Thailand, pp: 239 - 250.
Audebert A., Narteh L. T., Kiepe P., Millar D. and B. Beks (2006). Iron toxicity in rice-based systems in West Africa, Africa Rice Center (WARDA), Cotonou, Benin. 175 pp.
Fageria N. K, A. B. Santos and V. A. Cutrim (2008). Nitrogen Uptake and Its Association with Grain Yield in Lowland Rice Genotypes. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 32 (11): 1965 - 1974.
Bode, K., Döring, O., Lüthje, S., Neue, H. U. and M. Böttger (1995). The role of active oxygen in iron tolerance of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Protoplasma, 184: 249 - 255.
Fairhurst, T. H. and C. Witt (2002). Rice: A pratical guide to nutrient management. In A. Audebert, L. T. Narteh, P. Kiepe, D. Millar, & B. Beks (Eds.), Iron toxicity in rice-based systems in West Africa, Africa Rice Center (WARDA), Cotonou, Benin. 175 pp.
Becker, M. and F. Asch (2005). Iron toxicity in rice - condition and management concepts. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci., 168: 558 - 573.
Kirk, G. J. D. (2003). Rice roots properties for internal aeration and efficient nutrient acquisition in submerged soil. New Phytol., 159: 185 - 194.
Masajo, T. M., Alluri, K., Abifarin, A. O. and D. J. Janakiram, (1986). Breeding for high and stable yields in Africa. In A. S. R. Juo and J. A. Lowe eds., The Wetlands and Rice in sub-Saharan Africa. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan. 107 - 114.
Dufey, I., Hakizimana, P., Draye, X., Lutts, S. and P. Bertin (2009). QTL mapping for biomass and physiological parameters linked to resistance mechanisms to ferrous iron toxicity in rice. Euphytica, 167: 143 - 160.
Abifarin, A. O. (1989). Progress in breeding rice for tolerance to iron toxicity. In WARDA ed., WARDA Annual report for 1990. West Africa Rice Development Association, Bouaké. 34-39.
Audebert A. and M. Fofana (2009). Rice Yield Gap due to Iron Toxicity in West Africa. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 195 (1): 66 - 76.
Abifarin, A. O. (1988). Grain Yield Loss due to Iron Toxicity. WARDA Technical Newsletter, 8 (1): 1 - 2.
Sikirou, M. (2009). Agro-morphological characterization of lowland rice collection for tolerance to iron toxicity. MSc thesis, Uni. Abomey-Calavi, Benin. pp. 68).
Onaga, G., Edema, R. and G. Asea (2012). Tolerance of rice germplasm to iron toxicity stress and the relationship between tolerance, Fe2+, P and K content in the leaves and roots. Archives Agronomy Soil Science, 59: 213 - 229.
Marius C, and M. Cheval (1980). Note sur les sols de la vallée de Guidel. ORSTOM Dakar.
Audebert, A., & Sahrawat, K. L. (2000). Mechanisms for iron toxicity tolerance in lowland rice. Journal Plant Nutrition Soil Sciences, 23, 1877 - 1885.
Asch, F., Mathias, B., & Kpongor, D. S. (2005). A quick and efficient screen for resistance to iron toxicity in lowland rice. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 168: 764 - 773.
Sahrawat, K. (2004). Iron toxicity in wetland rice and the role of other nutrients. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 27: 1471–1504.
IRRI. (1996). Standard Evaluation System for Rice (SES). INGER Genetic Resources Center. Manila, Philippines, 4th ed.
Lacharme M. (2001). Le plant de riz: données morphologiques et cycle de la plante. Mémento Technique de Riziculture, fascicule 2. Ministère du Développement Rural et de l'Environnement Direction de la Recherche Formation Vulgarisation (France). 48p.
Gbeto-Dansou G. J., Amadji L. G. L. et H. Aholoukpe (2017). Dynamique de Fer ferreux (FeO) du sol de bas-fond en fonction de la répartition de l’eau selon la toposéquence au Sud du Bénin: Phénomène de la toxicité ferreuse et production du riz. Journal of Applied Biosciences, 110: 10730 - 10746.
Aboa, K. and S. Y. Dogbe (2006). Effect of iron toxicity on rice yield in the Amou-Oblo lowland in Togo. In A. Audebert, L. T. Narteh, P. Kiepe, D. Millar, & B. Beks (Eds.), Iron toxicity in rice-based system in West Africa (pp. 1–5). Cotonou: WARDA.
van Oort, P. A. J. J. (2018). Mapping abiotic stresses for rice in Africa: Drought, cold, iron toxicity, salinity and sodicity. Field Crops Res., 219: 55 - 75.
Rout, G. R. and S. Sahoo (2015). Role of iron in plant growth and metabolism. Rev. Agric. Sci., 3: 1 - 24.
Li, G., Kronzucker, H. J. and W. Shi (2016). Root developmental adaptation to Fe toxicity: Mechanisms and management. Plant Signal. Behav., 11, e1117722.
Wu, L. B., Ueda, Y., Lai, S. K. and M. Frei (2017). Shoot tolerance mechanisms to iron toxicity in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Plant Cell Environ., 40: 570 - 584.
Shamshuddin, J., Elisa, A. A., Shazana, M. A. R. S. and I. C. Fauziah (2013). Rice defense mechanisms against the presence of excess amount of Al3+ and Fe2+ in the water. Aust. J. Crop Sci., 7: 314 - 320.
Nyamangyoku, I. O. and P. Bertin (2013). Mechanisms of resistance to ferrous iron toxicity in cutivated rices: Oryza sativa L., Oryza glaberrima Steud. and interspecific hybrids. Int. J. Agron. Plant Prod., 4: 2570 - 2591.
Sikirou, M., Saito, K., Dramé, K. N., Saidou, A., Dieng, I., Ahanchédé, A. and R. Venuprasad (2016). Soil-based screening for iron toxicity tolerance in rice using pots. Plant Prod. Sci., 19: 489 - 496.
Zhang, Y., Wu, Y., Xu, G., Song, J., Wu, T., Mei, X. and P. Liu (2017). Effects of iron toxicity on the morphological and biological characteristics of rice root border cells. J. Plant Nutr., 40: 332 - 343.
Kim, S. A. and M. Guerinot (2007). Lou Mining iron: Iron uptake and transport in plants (2007). FEBS Lett., 581: 2273 - 2280.
Morrissey, J. and M. L. Guerinot (2009). Iron uptake and transport in plants: The good, the bad, and the ionome. Chem. Rev., 109: 4553 - 4567.
Müller, C., Kuki, K. N., Pinheiro, D. T., de Souza, L. R., Silva, A. I. S., Loureiro, M. E., Oliva, M. A. and AM. Almeida (2015). Differential physiological responses in rice upon exposure to excess distinct iron forms. Plant Soil, 391: 123 - 138.
Frei, M., Tetteh, R. N., Razafindrazaka, A. L., Fuh, M. A., Wu, L.-B., Becker, M. (2016). Responses of rice to chronic and acute iron toxicity: Genotypic differences and biofortification aspects. Plant Soil, 408: 149 - 161.
Onaga, G., Dramé, K. N. and A. M. Ismail (2016). Understanding the regulation of iron nutrition: can it contribute to improving iron toxicity tolerance in rice? Funct. Plant Biol., 43: 709 -726.
Hua, L., Xiaoe, Y. and L. Ancheng (2001). Ameliorating effect of potassium on iron toxicity in hybrid rice. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 24, 1849–1860.
Prade K., Ottow J. C. G, Jacq V. A., Malouf G. and J. Y. Loyer. (1990). Relationships between the properties of flooded rice soils and iron toxicity in Lower Casamance (Senegal). Studies, review and summary of previous work. Cahiers ORSTOM, Serie Pedologie. IRD, Montpellier, France. p 453 - 474.
Browse journals by subject