Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2020, Page: 40-45
Introduction and Cultivation of P. ostreatus and L. edodes Using Sugar Cane Bagasse, Leaves of Prosopis juliflora and Waste Paper at Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Belay Dinssa, Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Shibiru Temesgen, Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Science, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Waktola Mosisa, Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Received: Dec. 10, 2019;       Accepted: Feb. 11, 2020;       Published: Feb. 18, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200801.16      View  94      Downloads  34
Abstract
A research of introduction and cultivation of two edible mushroom; shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes) and oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) was conducted on three different substrates namely waste paper, leaves of Prosopis juliflora and sugarcane bagasse during 2017/18 at Chiro, Oda Bultum University to determine the effective substrate/substrate combination for cultivation of shiitake mushroom and oyster mushroom and to identify mushroom species that provides high biological efficiency. Thirteen different combinations of three substrates were used for cultivation of both mushrooms. The substrate combination were substrate one (75%SCB + 25%WP), substrate two (50%SCB + 50%WP), substrate three (25% SCB+75%WP), substrate four (75%SCB + 25%LPJ), substrate five (50%SCB + 50%LPJ), substrate six (25%SCB + 75%LPJ), substrate seven (75% WP + 25%LPJ), substrate eight (50%WP + 50%LPJ), substrate nine (25%WP + 75%LPJ), substrate ten (100% SCB), substrate eleven (100%LPJ), substrate twelve (100%WP) and substrate thirteen (33% SCB+33%WP+ 33%LPJ) replicated three times for both mushrooms. Among two varieties of edible mushroom cultivated, shiitake mushroom was not germinated, not harvested and no analysis of variance was conducted while oyster mushroom was success fully colonized the substrate, germinated, grown and harvested except for substrate six (S6), substrate nine(S9) and substrate eleven (S11) due to presence of high proportions of leaves of Prosopis juliflora. Presence of high proportions of leaves of Prosopis juliflora was affected colonization, germination and growth of oyster mushroom in comparison with the remaining other ten different substrates. On these ten substrates oyster mushroom was success fully grown, harvested and analyzed. Based on their analysis substrate thirteen, substrate four, substrate seven and substrate three were highly significant for fresh weight, dry weight and for biological efficiency. Hence they were the best substrate combination for good harvest of oyster mushroom under the study area.
Keywords
Oyster Mushroom, Shiitake Mushroom, Biological Efficiency, Waste Paper, Prosopis Juliflora and Sugar Cane Bagasse
To cite this article
Belay Dinssa, Shibiru Temesgen, Waktola Mosisa, Introduction and Cultivation of P. ostreatus and L. edodes Using Sugar Cane Bagasse, Leaves of Prosopis juliflora and Waste Paper at Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 40-45. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200801.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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