Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2020, Page: 40-45
Introduction and Cultivation of P. ostreatus and L. edodes Using Sugar Cane Bagasse, Leaves of Prosopis juliflora and Waste Paper at Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Belay Dinssa, Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Shibiru Temesgen, Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Science, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Waktola Mosisa, Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Received: Dec. 10, 2019;       Accepted: Feb. 11, 2020;       Published: Feb. 18, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200801.16      View  94      Downloads  34
A research of introduction and cultivation of two edible mushroom; shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes) and oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) was conducted on three different substrates namely waste paper, leaves of Prosopis juliflora and sugarcane bagasse during 2017/18 at Chiro, Oda Bultum University to determine the effective substrate/substrate combination for cultivation of shiitake mushroom and oyster mushroom and to identify mushroom species that provides high biological efficiency. Thirteen different combinations of three substrates were used for cultivation of both mushrooms. The substrate combination were substrate one (75%SCB + 25%WP), substrate two (50%SCB + 50%WP), substrate three (25% SCB+75%WP), substrate four (75%SCB + 25%LPJ), substrate five (50%SCB + 50%LPJ), substrate six (25%SCB + 75%LPJ), substrate seven (75% WP + 25%LPJ), substrate eight (50%WP + 50%LPJ), substrate nine (25%WP + 75%LPJ), substrate ten (100% SCB), substrate eleven (100%LPJ), substrate twelve (100%WP) and substrate thirteen (33% SCB+33%WP+ 33%LPJ) replicated three times for both mushrooms. Among two varieties of edible mushroom cultivated, shiitake mushroom was not germinated, not harvested and no analysis of variance was conducted while oyster mushroom was success fully colonized the substrate, germinated, grown and harvested except for substrate six (S6), substrate nine(S9) and substrate eleven (S11) due to presence of high proportions of leaves of Prosopis juliflora. Presence of high proportions of leaves of Prosopis juliflora was affected colonization, germination and growth of oyster mushroom in comparison with the remaining other ten different substrates. On these ten substrates oyster mushroom was success fully grown, harvested and analyzed. Based on their analysis substrate thirteen, substrate four, substrate seven and substrate three were highly significant for fresh weight, dry weight and for biological efficiency. Hence they were the best substrate combination for good harvest of oyster mushroom under the study area.
Oyster Mushroom, Shiitake Mushroom, Biological Efficiency, Waste Paper, Prosopis Juliflora and Sugar Cane Bagasse
To cite this article
Belay Dinssa, Shibiru Temesgen, Waktola Mosisa, Introduction and Cultivation of P. ostreatus and L. edodes Using Sugar Cane Bagasse, Leaves of Prosopis juliflora and Waste Paper at Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 40-45. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200801.16
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Atikpo M, Onokpise O, Abazinge M, Louime C, Dzomeku M, BeotengL, Awumbilla. 2008. Sustainable mushroom production in Africa: a case study in Ghana. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 7: 249-325.
Baysal S, Hoque MS, Ahmed KU, 2003. Effects of a mineral supplement on growth, yield andNutritional status of oyster mushroom (pleurotusostreatus). Bangal. J. Mush 3; 51-58.
Chang, S. T. and P. G. miles. 1992. Recent trends in world production of cultivated ediblemushrooms. Mushroom journal, 504: 15-18.
Chang, S. T. and P. G miles. 2004. mushrooms: cultivation, nutritional value medicinal effect, and environmental impacts (second edition). Crc press. Boca raton. pp 451.
Chang, S. T, Lau Ow, Cho KY. 1981. The cultivation and nutritional value of pleurotussajorcaju. Europ j Appl microbial 12: 58-62.
Das n and Sing SK. 2004. Use full by products from cellulosic wastes of agriculture and food industry critical appraisal. Crit rev food scinutr 44: 77-89.
Dawit abate. 1998. Mushroom cultivation: practical approaches. Berhanenaselam printing press. Addisn Ababa. Pp. 17-72.
Eswaran A, Ramabadran R, 2000. Studies on same physiological, cultural and post harvestaspects of oyster mushroom pleurotusostreatus. Trop. Agric. J., 12; 360-374.
Fan, L., A. Pandey, R. Mohan and C. R. Socol, 2000. Use of varies coffee industry residues for the cultivation of pleurotusostreatus in solid state fermentation. Acta Biotechnol, 20 (1): 41-52.
Gomez, k. A. and Gomez, A. A. 1984. Statistical procedure for agricultural research (2ndedn). Johm Willy and Sons. New York. p. 680.
Hami, h. 1990. Cultivation of oyster mushroom on sawdust of different woods. M.sc. thesis, university of agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Imtiag A. Rahman S. A. 2008. Economic viability of mushroom cultivation to poverty reductionIn Bangladesh. Trop. Subtrop. Agroecosyst. 8: 93-99 industries division diversification booklets no. 7. United nations, pp 1-53. Industry.
Kuhad RC, Singh A and Eriksson K-EL. 1997. Micro organisms and enzaymes involved in the degradation of plant fiber cellwalls. In: Eriksson K-EL (ed) Adivanced in biochemical Engineering biothechnology, Springer-verlag, Berlin.
Khan AM, Khan SM, Shakir AS, 2001. Studies on the cultivation of the oyster mushroom on different substrate. Pak. J. Phytopathol., 13; 140-143.
Marimuthu T, 1995. Prospects of oyster mushroom cultivation in Tamil nadu. J. Ecobiol., 7: 27-34.
Mona MR, Abdou HM, Mohmoud AE, Nooman MU, 2009. Nutrition analysis and enzymeactivities of pleurotusostreatus cultivated on citrus limonium and carica papaya wastes. Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci, 3; 3352-3360.
Moghtaderi B, Sheng C, Wall TF. 2006. An over view of the Australian biomass and utilization Tehinologies. Bioresource 1 (1): 93-115.
Obaidi MJ, Okine C, Vowotor KA, 2003. Comperative study on the growth and yield of Pleurotusostreatus mushroom on different lignocellulosic by products. J. India Microbiol. Biotechnol., 30: 146-149.
Patra, A. K. And B. K. Pani. 1995. Yield response of different species of oyster mushroom to paddystraw. Current Agril. Res. Supplement No. 8: 11-14.
Philippoussis A, zervakis G, Diamantopouloup. 2000. Potential for the cultivation of exotic mushroomspecies by explotation of mediterranian agricultural wastes. In: van griensven LJLD (ed) scienceand cultivation of edible fungi, Balkema, Rotterdam.
Prognos, J. 2010. Use of agricultural waste materials in the cultivation of mushrooms. MushroomScience; proceedings of the international conference on scientific aspects of mushroom Growing; 15: 3-23.
Shiferaw, h. teketay, d., nemomsa, s. and assefa, f. 2004. Some biological characteristics that foster the invasion of Prosopis (sw). dc at middle awash rift valley area, northeastern Ethiopia. Journal of arid environment, 58. pp 135-154.
Singh, reeti and singh, uc. 2005. modern mushroom cultivation. Jodhpur: updeshpurohit for agrobios.
Wang Q, Li BB, Han JR, 2010. Yield, dry matter and polysaccharides content of the mushroom Produced on asparagus straw substrate. Sci. Hort., 125; 16-18.
Browse journals by subject