Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2020, Page: 46-52
Effect of Substrate (Waste Paper, Leaves of P. Juliflora and Sugar Cane Bagasse) on Nutritional Composition of P. ostreatus at Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Belay Dinssa, Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Shibiru Temesgen, Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Science, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Waktola Mosisa, Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Received: Jan. 30, 2020;       Accepted: Feb. 12, 2020;       Published: Feb. 20, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200802.11      View  262      Downloads  174
An experiment of cultivation of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) was conducted on three different substrates namely waste paper, leaves of Prosopis juliflora and sugarcane bagasse at Chiro, Oda Bultum University to determine the effect of substrate on nutritional composition of oyster mushroom. Thirteen different combinations of three substrates were used for cultivation of oyster mushroom. The substrate combination were substrate one (75%SCB+25%WP), substrate two (50%SCB + 50%WP), substrate three (25%SCB + 75%WP), substrate four (75%SCB + 25%LPJ), substrate five (50%SCB+50%LPJ), substrate six (25%SCB + 75%LPJ), substrate seven (75%WP + 25%LPJ), substrate eight (50%WP + 50%LPJ), substrate nine (25%WP + 75%LPJ), substrate ten (100% SCB), substrate eleven (100%LPJ), substrate twelve (100% WP) and substrate thirteen (33%SCB + 33%WP + 33%LPJ) replicated three times. The oyster mushroom was success fully grown and harvested except for substrate six, substrate nine and substrate eleven due to presence of high proportions of leaves of Prosopis juliflora in these substrates. The leaves of Prosopis juliflora were not easily decomposed. Hence, affect the germination and growth of oyster mushroom in comparison with the other ten different substrates. On these ten substrates oyster mushroom was success fully grown, harvested and analyzed for their nutritional composition. Based on their analysis substrate thirteen, substrate four, substrate ten, substrate seven, substrate twelve, substrate two, and substrate three were statistically significant for their crude protein and crude fiber content while substrate ten, substrate four, substrate two, substrate one and substrate three were highly significant for their carbohydrate content. Hence they were the best substrates for their nutritional composition of oyster mushroom under Chiro condition.
Oyster Mushroom, Waste Paper, Leaves of Prosopis juliflora, Sugarcane Bagasse
To cite this article
Belay Dinssa, Shibiru Temesgen, Waktola Mosisa, Effect of Substrate (Waste Paper, Leaves of P. Juliflora and Sugar Cane Bagasse) on Nutritional Composition of P. ostreatus at Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 46-52. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200802.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Anthony, M. M. (2007). Proximate and Nutrient Composition of three types of indigenous edible wild mushrooms grown in Tanzania and their utilization prospects. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 7: 2-9.
A. O. A. C, 1990. Official methods of Analysis of Assosation of the Official Analytical chemists. In: HelricK. ed. Published by the Assosation of the Official Analytical chemists. Inc. Wilson Boulevard Arlington, Verginia 22201 USA; fifteen Edition. pp 1213.
A. O. A. C, 1995. Official method of the analysis, (16th edition). Arlington, VA: association of the official analytical chemists. Washington, D. C.
Ashraf, J.; Ali, A. M.; Ahmad, W.; Ayyub, M. C.; Shafi, J. 2013. Effect of different substrate supplements oyster mushroom (pleurotus ostreatus) production. Pakstan. Food scei and Technolo 1 (3): 44-51.
Atikpo M, Onokpise O, Abazinge M, Louime C, Dzomeku M, Beoteng L, Awumbilla. 2008. Sustainable mushroom production in Africa: a case study in Ghana. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 7: 249-325.
Baysal S, Hoque MS, Ahmed KU, 2003. Effects of a mineral supplement on growth, yield and Nutritional statusof oyster mushroom (pleurotus ostreatus). Bangal. J. Mush 3; 51-58.
Bernas, E., Jaworska, G. and Lisiewska, Z. (2006). Edible mushrooms as a source of valuable nutritive constituents. Acta Science Poland, Technologia Alimentaria, 5 (1): 5-20.
Bismita nayak. 2011. Estimation of enzymatic activities of different species of mushrooms, master’s thesis, national institutes of technology, Rourkela. Book co. Singapore.
Breene WM (1990). Nutritional and medicinal value of speciality mushrooms. J. Food Protect., 53: 883-894.
Chang, S. T. 2003. Mushroom production-an economic measure in mentanance of food security. In: biotechenology: economic and social Aspects, edited by Da Silva, E. J., C. Ratledge and A Sasson. Cambridge University press. Pp 110-141.
Chang. S. T. 2007. Mushroom cultivation using the “ZERI” principles: potential for application in Brazil. Micol.appl.int. 19: 33-34.
Dawit abate. 1998. Mushroom cultivation: practical approaches. Berhanenaselam printing press. Addis Ababa. Pp. 17-72. 41-52
Gomez, k. A. and Gomez, A. A. 1984. Statistical procedure for agricultural research (2ndedn). Johm Willy and Sons. New York. p. 680.
James CS, 1995. Analytical chemistry of foods first edition. Chapman and hall, New York cultivation of edible and medicinal fungi, penn state university, Pennsylvania.
Mckeller, R. L. and R. E. Kohrman. 1990. Oyster mushroom production. J. Agric. Food Chem. 24: 549-570.
Mona MR, Abdou HM, Mohmoud AE, Nooman MU, 2009. Nutrition analysis and enzyme activities of pleurotusostreatus cultivated on citrus limonium and carica papaya wastes. Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci, 3; 3352-3360.
Moghtaderi B, Sheng C, Wall TF. 2006. An over view of the Australian biomass and utilization Tehinologies. Bioresource 1 (1): 93-115.
Obodai, M. (1992). Comparative studies on the utilization of agricultural waste by some mushrooms (Pleurotus and Volvariella species). M. Phil., The University of Ghana, Legon.
Olumide oj. 2007. Economic analysis of mushroom marketing as a copping strategy for poverty reduction in ondo state, Nigeria. Afr. Cropscie. Conf. proc. Pp 1255-1260.
Pandey, R. S. and S. K. Ghosh. 1996. A handbook on mushroom cultivation. Emkay publications, Delhi. pp. 134.
Patrabansh, S. Madam, M. (1997). Studies on cultivation, biological efficiency and chemical analysis of Pleurotus sajor-caju (FR.) Singer on different bio –wastes. Biotechnologia Acta. 17: 107-122.
Philippoussis A, zervakis G, Diamantopouloup. 2000. Potential for the cultivation of exotic mushroomspecies by explotation of mediterranian agricultural wastes. In: van griensven LJLD (ed) science and cultivationof edible fungi, Balkema, Rotterdam.
Prognos, J. 2010. Use of agricultural waste materials in the cultivation of mushrooms. Mushroom Science; proceedings of the international conference on scientific aspects of mushroom Growing; 15: 3-23.
Raghuramulu, N., Madhavan, N. K. and Kalyanasundaram, S. 2003. A manual of laboratory techniques, pp. 6-58. National institute of Nuteriton. India Councel of medical research, Hydrabad, India.
Rangunathan R, Swaminathan k, 2003. National status of Pleurotus spp. Grown on various agro-wastes. J. Agric. Food chem., 80: 371-375
Sarker, NC, Hossain MM, Sultana N, Main IH, Karim AJMS, Amin SMR, 2007. Effect of different levels of PH on the growth and yield of pleurotus ostreatus (Jacquin ex. Fr.) Kummer. Bangl. JMush., 1: 57-62.
Shiferaw, h. teketay, d., nemomsa, s. and assefa, f. 2004. Some biological characteristics that foster the invasion of Prosopis (sw). dc at middle awash rift valley area, northeastern Ethiopia. Journal of arid environment, 58. pp 135-154.
Singh, reeti and singh, uc. 2005. modern mushroom cultivation. Jodhpur: updeshpurohit for agrobios.
USDA, 2010. Medicinal mushroom research. (Available on line with updates at http:www.medicinalmushroomcoffee.com/research on mushroom html). Accessed on July 5, 2012.
Browse journals by subject