Volume 8, Issue 4, July 2020, Page: 91-99
Effects of Iron on the Productivity of Lowland Rice (O. sativa L.) in Segregating Populations
Efisue Andrew, Department of Crop and Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Ogunwole Dorcas, Department of Crop and Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Olaoye Olawale, Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Received: May 30, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 11, 2020;       Published: Jun. 20, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200804.11      View  58      Downloads  35
Abstract
Rice plants have the tendency of taking up iron in the form of Fe2+, which is prevalent in paddy fields under flooded environments. But its deficiency or in excess of Fe2+ in the soil affect several physiological functions of the plant. The objective of the study was to evaluates the effect of three ferrous sulphate concentration levels on the yield and yield components of lowland segregating rice populations. Three experiments were established in screenhouse concurrently in randomized complete block design in three replications in pots. Treatment comprised of 6 breeding lines each from two rice populations of F2 and F3 generations and two popular checks. Experiment one is the control without FeSO4 treatment, while experiment two and three are F2 and F3 populations, respectively treated with FeSO4 solution. Three concentration levels of FeSO4 solution (600mg/kg of soil, 1200mg/kg of soil, and 1800mg/kg of soil,) were applied into each pots a week before transplanting in the treated experiments. Remarkable reduction in effective tiller number at 1800mg of Fe stress relative to the control was observed of 42.6% and 42.9% in F2 and F3 population, respectively. Significant reduction in grain yield of 33.5% and 36.4% at 1800mg of Fe compared to the control in F2 and F3 populations, respectively. The study showed that at 1200mg of Fe could be optimal for rice crop performance and at 1800mg of Fe becomes toxic to the plant as observed significant reduction in all agronomic traits especially in total grain yield. In F2 and F3 population, UPN 59, UPIA 2 and UPN 95 where the most stable genotypes across iron concentration levels. These genotypes could be used in population development for iron breeding programme.
Keywords
Genotypes, Populations, Iron, GGE Biplot, Stability, Rice
To cite this article
Efisue Andrew, Ogunwole Dorcas, Olaoye Olawale, Effects of Iron on the Productivity of Lowland Rice (O. sativa L.) in Segregating Populations, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 91-99. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200804.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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