Volume 8, Issue 4, July 2020, Page: 175-180
Intercropping Coffee (Coffea arabica) and Korarima (Aframomum corrorima (Braun) P.C.M. Jansen) at Tepi, Southwest Ethiopia
Behailu Mekonnen, Department of Agronomy and Physiology, Tepi Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Tepi, Ethiopia
Shiferaw Temteme, Department of Natural Resource Management Research, Tepi Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Tepi, Ethiopia
Essubalew Getachew Seyum, Department of Horticulture and Plant Science, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Anteneh Netsere, Department of Natural Resource Management Research, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Jimma, Ethiopia
Girma Hailemichael, Department of Horticulture Crop Breeding, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma, Ethiopia
Received: Jul. 22, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 7, 2020;       Published: Aug. 13, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200804.20      View  185      Downloads  73
Abstract
A field experiment was conducted at Tepi, southwest Ethiopia, from 2013 – 2017, to determine optimum plant population yield of component crops and land productivity in the coffee/korarima intercropping system. Test crops were Catimore-J21 variety for coffee and a local variety of korarima. The experiment consisted of five treatments arranged in a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications. Data collected were statistically analyzed using SAS computer software. The productivity of the system was evaluated using a land equivalent ratio. Results showed that the coffee yield was significantly (p<0.05) influenced by intercropping, while the growth of the coffee tree did not significantly affect by intercropping. Whereas, the growth and yield of korarima plants were significantly (p<0.05) influenced by intercropping except for plant height, length, and girth of fruit capsule. Accordingly, the higher coffee yield advantages were found from sole plots when compared with intercropped coffee plots and followed by 2 to 1 coffee and korarima intercropping ratio. Similarly, the advanced yield of korarima was recorded from sole stands followed by 1 to 2 coffee and korarima intercropping ratio. The maximum land equivalent ratio was recorded at a planting pattern of 2 to 1 coffee and korarima intercropping ratio as compared to other treatments. Therefore, it could be concluded that intercropping of coffee with korarima is biologically and agronomically feasible, and the aforementioned treatment could be recommended for the study area. However, it is important to advise farmers in the area and similar agro-ecology to supplement irrigation water to the field especially during the dry spell period.
Keywords
Coffee Yield, Intercropping, Land Equivalent Ratio, Korarima Yield
To cite this article
Behailu Mekonnen, Shiferaw Temteme, Essubalew Getachew Seyum, Anteneh Netsere, Girma Hailemichael, Intercropping Coffee (Coffea arabica) and Korarima (Aframomum corrorima (Braun) P.C.M. Jansen) at Tepi, Southwest Ethiopia, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 175-180. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200804.20
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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