Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2020, Page: 258-264
Farmers Local Knowledge on Niche Selection, Management Strategies and Uses of Cordia africana Tree in Agroforestry Practices of Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia
Latamo Lameso, Kebri Dehar University College of Dry Land Agriculture Department of Natural Resource Management, Kebri Dehar, Ethiopia
Wondmagegn Bekele, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Sinana Agricultural Research Center of Agroforestry Research Team, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia
Received: Nov. 2, 2020;       Accepted: Nov. 17, 2020;       Published: Nov. 27, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200806.14      View  109      Downloads  54
In Ethiopia Cordia africana is one of the indigenous multipurpose tree species which is being endangered and suffering a lot from overexploitation. Agroforestry is taken as potential ecosystem for counteracting indigenous multipurpose trees species extinction through providing complementary habitat for such species. In Sidama zone of south Ethiopia, farmers deliberately integrate and manage C. africana tree by using their own indigenous knowledge for both its productive and protective functions. However, comprehensive study has not been undertaken to assess and document the local knowledge associated with C. africana tree. Thus, study was designed to assess local knowledge of farmers on niche selection, management practices and uses of C. africana tree in agroforestry practices of Sidama zone. To do so household survey, key informants’ interview and focus group discussions were undertaken to generate the necessary data. A total of 126 sample respondents were randomly selected based on wealth category. In addition to this, about 72 sample households were considered for tree inventory purpose. The inventory was done in the niches of Coffee-Enset tree based, Coffee tree based and Enset-tree based homegarden agroforestry practice. Data were analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). Results obtained from the study show that, mean number of stems of tree is found to be significantly higher (p<0.05) in Enset- tree based niche of homegarden agroforestry followed by Coffee-tree based niche. The finding also shows that mean basal area of tree in Enset-tree based niche was significantly (p<0.05) higher of the remaining niches of agroforestry practices over both the midland and lowland agroecological zones. The commonly management practices employed for C. africana by the local farmers were branch pruning (80.6% and 73.2%), coppicing (32.2% and 42.8%) and pollarding (33.8% and 19.6%) in midland and lowland agroecology, respectively. Farmers also have profound knowledge on uses of C. africana tree. From the reported uses; timber production, soil improvement, household utensils, shade and cash generation are the major ones as these could be also vary over age, size and parts of the species to be used. Finally, the study has suggested that, for a conclusive recommendation the effect of C. africana tree on coffee-Enset yield and yield component needs to be further investigated.
Coffee-Enset-tree Based, Coffee-tree based, DBH, Enset-tree Based, Homegarden
To cite this article
Latamo Lameso, Wondmagegn Bekele, Farmers Local Knowledge on Niche Selection, Management Strategies and Uses of Cordia africana Tree in Agroforestry Practices of Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 8, No. 6, 2020, pp. 258-264. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20200806.14
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abebe, T., Wiersum, K. F., Bongers, F. &Sterck, F. 2006. Diversity and dynamics in homegardens of southern Ethiopia. In: B. M. Kumar & P. K. R. Nair (Eds.). Tropical homegardens: a time-tested example of sustainable agroforestry, p. 123–142.
Abreha, A. and Gebrekidan, W., 2014. Woody Plant Inventory and Diversity in Traditional Agroforestry of Selected Peasant Association of South Gonder Zone, North West Ethiopia. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, 4 (15), pp. 8-16.
Agidie, A., Ayele, B., Wassie, A., Hadgu, K. M., Aynekulu, E. and Mowo, J., 2013. Agroforestry Practices and Farmers’ Perception in Koga Watershed, Upper Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia. Agriculture and Forestry 59 (3), pp. 75-89.
Anglaaere, L. C. N., Cobbina, J., Sinclair, F. L. and McDonald, M. A., 2011. The effect of land use system on tree diversity, farmer preference and species composition of Cocoa based agro ecosystem in Ghana. Agroforestry system, 81 (3), pp. 249-265.
Azene, B., 2007. Useful Trees and Shrubs of Ethiopia: Identification, Propagation and Management in 17 Agro-ecological Zones. Nairobi: RELMA in ICRAF Project, p. 552.
Balcha, A., 2013. Plants used in material culture in Oromo community, Jimma, Southwest Oromia, Ethiopia. African Journal of Plant Science, 7 (7), pp. 285-299.
Beyene, T. M., Gerrie, W. J., Ken, E. and Giller, K. D., 2018. Home garden system dynamics in Southern Ethiopia. Agroforest System, 92, pp. 1579–1595.
Bijalwan, A. and Dobriyal, M. J., 2016. Geometry, Distribution and Regeneration Pattern of Trees in Agroforestry Systems along Altitude and Aspects in the Upper Yamuna Region of Uttarakhand Himalaya, India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 4 (1), pp. 15-25.
Bucagu, C., Vanlauwe, B., Van Wijk, M. T. and Giller, K. E., 2013. Assessing Farmers’ Interest in Agroforestry in Two Contrasting Agro-Ecological Zones of Rwanda. Agroforestry systems, 87 (1), pp. 141-158.
Crowley, E. L., 1997. Rapid data collection using wealth ranking and other techniques. International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya, p. 16.
Desalegn, M. and Zebene, A., 2016. Assessment of Farmers’ Management Activities on Scattered Trees on Crop Fields at Gemechis District, West Hararge Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia. International Journal of Agriculture, 1 (1), pp. 1-15.
Friis, I. B., 1992. Forests and Forest Trees of Northeast Tropical Africa: Their Natural Habitats and Distribution Patterns in Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somalia. Her majestry’s stationary office. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XV, p. 396.
Gelaw, A. M., Singh, B. R. and Lal, R., 2014. Soil Organic Carbon and Total Nitrogen Stocks under Different Land Uses in a Semi-Arid Watershed in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 188, pp. 256–263.
Isaac, M. E., Dawoe, E. and Sieciechowicz, K., 2009. Assessing Local Knowledge Use in Agroforestry Management with Cognitive Maps. Environmental Management, 43 (6), pp. 1321-1329.
Kebu, B. and Fassil. K., 2006. Ethnobotanical study of wild edible plants in Derashe and Kucha Districts, South Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 2 (1), p. 53.
Mesele, N., 2007. Trees Management and Livelihoods in Gedeo’s Agro forests, Ethiopia; A B Academic Publishers, Helsinki University; Great Britain. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods, 17 (2), pp. 157–168.
Mulugeta, D., Assefa, F., Nemomissa, S. and Granhall, U., 2011. Socio-economic Benefits of Shade Trees in Coffee Production Systems in Bonga and Yayuhurumu Districts, Southwestern Ethiopia: Farmers’ Perceptions. Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences, 7 (1), pp. 39-55.
Mutua, J., Muriuki, J., Gachie, P., Bourne, M. and Capis, J., 2014. Conservation Agriculture with Trees: Principles and Practice. A Simplified Guide for Extension Staff and Farmers. World Agroforestry Center, Nairobi. Technical Manual No. 21. pp. 42-44.
Reta, R., 2013. Diversity and Conservation Status of Some Economically Valued Indigenous Medicinal Plants in Hawassa College of Teacher Education Campus, Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Advanced Research, 1 (3), pp. 308-328.
Sidama Development Corporation, Planning and Statistics (SDCPS). 2000. Sidama Development Corporation, Planning and Statistics bulletin
Yadessa, A., Itanna, F. And Olsson, M., 2009. Scattered Trees as Modifiers of Agricultural Landscapes: The Role of Waddeessa (Cordia africana Lam.) Trees in Bako Area, Oromia, Ethiopia. African Journal of Ecology, 47 (1), pp. 78-83.
Zebene, A. and Agren, 2007. Farmers’ Local Knowledge and Topsoil Properties of Agroforestry Practices in Sidama, southern Ethiopia. Agroforestry Systems, 71 (1), pp. 35-48.
Browse journals by subject