Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2021, Page: 1-6
Influence of a New Energy-Saving Drying Method on the Quality of Corn Seeds
Kyrpa Mykola, State Establishment Institute of Grain Crops of National Academy Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine
Kulyk Vіctor, State Establishment Institute of Grain Crops of National Academy Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine
Kupar Julia, State Establishment Institute of Grain Crops of National Academy Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine
Stasiv Oleg, Institute of Agriculture of the Carpathian Region of NAAS, Obroshino, Ukraine
Received: Dec. 16, 2020;       Accepted: Dec. 23, 2020;       Published: Jan. 12, 2021
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20210901.11      View  8      Downloads  10
Abstract
Drying corn, especially seeds in cobs, requires much higher energy consumption compared to other cereals. Therefore, there is a need to find and study new methods of energy saving. Our work’s objective was: to analyze energy-saving methods of drying corn seeds in chamber corn dryers; to investigate the effect of a new corn cobs drying method on the sowing and yield properties of seeds. The new method is energy-saving and based on the use of a SKP chamber corn dryer in combination with a heat generator for biomass burning. We researched and characterized the known energy saving methods in the process of drying in SKP type chamber corn dryers, such as: two-stage drying of cobs with additional drying in grain; return of spent coolant to the drying zone (recirculation); application of maximum allowable heating temperatures (intensive drying). We established the influence of energy-saving drying methods on the quality of corn seeds. To study the effect of the new drying method on the technological, sowing and yield properties of corn seeds, we used a typical chamber dryer for corn SKP-10 in combination with a heat generator TPG-1/25 for biomass combustion. During the drying process on the energy-saving complex, cob samples were taken to determine the quality of seeds. The control level was seeds dried in a laboratory dryer at a temperature of 39°C with forced air circulation and indoors at a temperature of 20-25°C. Moderate drying temperature, what provide a new energy-saving complex, reduces seed injury by thermal cracking, which is from 2 to 5%. Sowing qualities and yield properties of corn seeds dried in the new complex were at the control level, and in some cases exceeded it. Thanks to the use of a new method of drying, you can completely abandon the expensive traditional fuel, while offering high technological properties and seed quality.
Keywords
Heat Generator, Chamber Corn Dryer, Cobs Drying, Seed Quality, Energy Saving Complex, Seed Germination
To cite this article
Kyrpa Mykola, Kulyk Vіctor, Kupar Julia, Stasiv Oleg, Influence of a New Energy-Saving Drying Method on the Quality of Corn Seeds, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 9, No. 1, 2021, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20210901.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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