Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2021, Page: 13-19
Grain Production of the Winter Barley Under Growingin the Condititions of the Climatic Changes
Natalia Zavalypich, Laboratory Agro- biological Resources of Winte Cereals, State Establishment Institute of Grain Crops of National Academy Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine
Anatoliy Cherenkov, Laboratory Agro- biological Resources of Winte Cereals, State Establishment Institute of Grain Crops of National Academy Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine
Mykola Solodushko, Laboratory Agro- biological Resources of Winte Cereals, State Establishment Institute of Grain Crops of National Academy Agricultural Sciences of Ukraine, Dnipro, Ukraine
Received: Dec. 23, 2020;       Accepted: Dec. 30, 2020;       Published: Jan. 12, 2021
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20210901.13      View  10      Downloads  15
Abstract
In conditions of deficient and unstable moistening studying of growing and development winter barley plants in period of autumn vegetation and at the time of formation stability of winter plants under adverse weather conditions of winter has obtained important meaning as it had influence on yield. Aim of the researches was studying influence agro-technical ways of growing on winter barley production in conditions of northern Steepe of Ukraine. According to the results of three-year field researches (2016-2019 years) it was cleared up influence of sowing date, norms of seed sowing on plant production of barley after a precursor – sunflower. It is established on average during the years of researches, morphological-biological indexes of winter barley plants differed substantially depending on hydro-technical conditions in autumn period of vegetation. Barley plants with early date of sowing (September, 20) formed more vegetative mass since 17,8 till 18,7g depending on norms of seed sowing, number of sprouts 3,2 – 3,7 pieces and a nodal roots 2,4 – 3,1 pieces. Displacement sowing date for each 10 days from early to later ones led to lessening all indexes. In dependence on state of a plant during cessation of autumn vegetation and weather conditions in winter period (2016-2019 years), survival rate of plants varied within 93 – 98%. Sowing on September, 30 and October, 10 provided the highest level of survival rate and was – 96 – 98%. In phase of whole ripeness of seeds after sowing on September, 30 winter barley plants formed bigger production while after early (September, 20) and late (October, 20) date of sowing average yield by years depending on seed sowing reduced to 1,5 and 2,3 t/ha accordingly.
Keywords
Winter Barley, Sowing Dates, Norms of Seed Sowing, Survival Rate, Elements of Structure, Yielding
To cite this article
Natalia Zavalypich, Anatoliy Cherenkov, Mykola Solodushko, Grain Production of the Winter Barley Under Growingin the Condititions of the Climatic Changes, American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Vol. 9, No. 1, 2021, pp. 13-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ajaf.20210901.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Adamenko, T. I. (2006). Changes of agro-climatic conditions of the cold period inUkraine due to the global warming of the climate. Agronom, 4, 12-15 (UA).
[2]
Ivashchenko O. O., Rudnyk-Ivashchenko O. I. (2013). The ways of adaptation of the agrarian production under the climatic changes. Sortovivchennya ta ohorona prav na sorti roslin 8, 10-12 (UA).
[3]
Gornall, J., Betts, R., Burke, E., Clark, R., Camp, J., Willett, K., Wiltshire, A. (2010). Implications of climate change for agricultural productivity in the early twenty-first century. Philosophical Transactions the Royal Society Lond B Biological Sciences. 365(1554), 2973–2989. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0158
[4]
Solodushko, M. M., Solodushko, V. P., Gasanova, I. I., Yaroshenko, C. C., Romanenko, O. L. (2017). Influence of sowing dates for winter barley after different precursors on its development in autumn period of vegetation, winter-hardness and yielding in conditions of Northern Steepe in Ukraine. Naukovij zhurnal «Zernovi kulturi» Tome 1, № 2, 248-255 (UA).
[5]
Krasylovets, U. G., Kuzmenko, N. V. & Skliarovskiy, K. M. (2009). Change of climate and optimization sowing date of winter wheat. Visnik agrarnoyi nauki, 11, 16-19 (UA).
[6]
Gruzinov, S. K. & Khmara, V. V. (2009). Optimization of sowing terms for winter crops due to change of climate conditions. Byuleten Institutu zernovogo gospodarstva NAAN Ukrayini, 36, 53-55 (UA).
[7]
Powell, N., Xuemei, J., Ravash, R., Edlington, J. & DolferuS, R. (2012). Yield stability for cereals in a changing climate. Functional Plant Biology, 39 (7), 539-552. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1071/FP12078
[8]
Bergjord Olsen, A. K., Persson, T, De Wit, A., Nkurunziza, L., Sindhøj, E., Eckersten, H. (2018). Estimating winter survival of winter wheat by simulations of plant frost tolerance. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Csience, 204 (1), 62-73. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/jac.12238
[9]
Nleya, T., Rickertsen, & John R. (2014). Winter Wheat Response to Planting Date under Dryland Conditions. Agronjmy Journal, 106 (3) 915-924. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj13.0417
[10]
Andrews, C. J., Pomeroy, M. K., Seaman, W. L., Butler, G., Bonn, P. C. & Hoekstra, G. (1997). Relationships between planting date, winter survival and stress tolerances of soft white winter wheat in eastern Ontario. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 77, 507–513. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4141/P96-124
[11]
Zhong, Becky H. W. – Wiersma, Jochum J. – Sheaffer, Craig C. – Steffenson, Brian J. & Smith, Kevin P. (2019). Assessment of Winter Barley in Minnesota: Relationships among Cultivar, Fall Seeding Date, Winter Survival, and Grain Yield. Crop, Forage & Turfgrass Management, 5 (1), 1-8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2134/cftm2019.07.0055
[12]
Cherenkov, A. V. & Benda, R. V. (2009). Winter- hardness of winter barley plants in dependence on sowing dates in conditions of Northern part of Steepe. Byuleten Institutu zernovogo gospodarstva NAAN Ukrayini, 39, 23-27 (UA).
[13]
Vozhegova, R. A., Vozhegov, S. G. & Yaroshenko S. S. (2001). Productivity of winter barley sorts in different terms of sowing. Byuleten Institutu zernovogo gospodarstva NAAN Ukrayini, 17, 77-81 (UA).
[14]
Korotych, P. (2007). Sowing of winter crops: barley and rye. The Ukrainian Farmer, 8, 28-30 (UA).
[15]
Tuchapskiy O. R. (2001). Improvement of technology for growing winter barley – guaranty gathering high and stable yield of grain. Cilskij gospodar, 3-4, 21-23 (UA).
[16]
Romanenko, O. L., Kushch, I. S., Solodushko, M. M. & Zaets, S. O. (2018). Influence droughty conditions of Steepe on vitality of seeds and sprouts for winter crops. Agroekologichnij zhurnal, 1, 87-95 (UA).
[17]
Gavura, O. V. (2009). Sowing terms – the main abiotic factor of adaptation winter crops to climate changes. – State and outlooks for development plant sphere in conditions of climate changes. Zbirnik Naukovih Prac, 98-100 (UA).
[18]
Leszczynska, D. & Noworolnik, K. (2002). Effect of sowing time and density on overwintering and yielding of several varieties of winter barley. Zeszyty Problemowe Postępów Nauk Rolniczych, Issues 481, № 1, 187-191(PL).
[19]
Chuvarleeva, G. V., Korotkov, V. M. & Vasiukov, P. P. (2008). Influence terms and norms of sowing on yielding of winter barley. Zemledelie, 2, 32 (UA).
[20]
Green, C. F., Furmston, D. T. & Ivins, J. D. (1985). Time of Sowing and the Yield of Winter Barley. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 104 (2), 405-411. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600044099
[21]
Rudnyk-Ivashchenko, O I. (2012). Peculiarities of growing winter crops in conditions of climate changes. Sortovivchennya ta ohorona prav na sorti roslin, 2, 8-10 (UA).
[22]
Lyhochvor, V. V. & Petrychenko, V. F. (2006). Plant growing. Modern intensive technologies of growing main field crops. SPF “Ukrainian technologies”, Lviv, 730
[23]
Dospehov, B. A. (1985). Methodology of field experience (with principles of statistic treatment for results of researches). Agroproizdat, Mosсow, 352 p.
[24]
Tsykova, V. S. & Pikusha, G. R. (1983). Methodic recommendations by carrying out of field tests with grain, leguminous and fodder crops. Institute of corn UAAS, Dniepropetrovsk, 46.
[25]
Ren, Ai-xia – Sun, Min – Wang, Pei-ru – Xue, Ling-zhu – Lei, Miao-miao – Xue, Jian-fu – Gao, Zhi-qiang & Yang, Zhen-ping. (2019). Optimization of sowing date and seeding rate for high winter wheat yield based on pre-winter plant development and soil water usage in the Loess Plateau, China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18 (1), 33 -42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(18)61980-X.
[26]
Darwinkel, A., Ten Hag, B. A. & Kuizenga, J. (1977). Effect of sowing date and seed rate on crop development and grain production of winter wheat. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science, 25, 83-94. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18174/njas.v25i2.17134
[27]
Fukai, S., Searle, C., Baiquni, H., Choenthong, S. & Kywe, M. (1990). Growth and grain-yield of contrasting barley cultivars under different plant densities. Field Crops Research, 23 (3–4), 239-254. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-4290(90)90057-I
[28]
Oleksiak, T. (2014). Effect of sowing date on winter wheat yields in Poland. Journal Central European of Agriculture, 15 (4.), 83-99. DOI: /10.5513/JCEA01/15.4.1513
Browse journals by subject